Saturday, 17 October 2015 01:36

Epicyclia Mabel Kanda

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(Epidendrum cordigera (Epi. cordigera)) × Epidendrum paniculatum (syn. Epidendrum floribundum)


LIGHT to     Partial to full direct sun
TEMPERATURE  to   warm to intermediate
HUMIDTY Relative humidity of 50 percent or higher
WATER Keep moist during growing season, allow for a winter rest
BLOOM to   Fragrant (sweet), blooms from spring into summer and mature plants a second bloom in fall


Small to medium sized tightly clumping plants that flower in the fall and spring on newly matured growths. The flowers are 1.5 inches across and occur on branching upright inflorescences that may hold 40+ flowers once mature. Large plants flower 2 times a year and rapidly form large specimens once provided with the proper care and plentiful fertilizer.


Congratulations Miki I. for earning honorable mention with her specimen at the October 2015 NVOS meeting.



The International Orchid Register




Mabel Kanda

Synonym Flag

This is not a synonym

Synonym Genus Name


Registrant Name


Originator Name


Date of registration

  Seed parent Pollen parent
Genus Encyclia Epidendrum
Epithet cordigera paniculatum



Temperature-- Though the original epidendrum hybrids were quite cold hardy, this modern style (with the introduction of Epi. cinnabarinum for shape) requires somewhat warmer temperatures. We grow ours with 60-65 degree nights in the summer and let the night temperatures fall to around 55 degrees in the winter. This is important as it helps shorten the plant habit. They are quite robust and tolerate 80-85 degrees easily in the summer. If you are growing outdoors, you will see stress in the leaves and damage to the flowers when temps. drop to 40 and below. Best to protect them at that point.

Light-- This is one of the most important criteria for growing epidendrums well. They require high light throughout the year.  It should be equal to or slightly more than that given to cattleyas. Plants are growing their best when there is a slight red tint to the leaves. If the light level is too low, the plants will become elongated, weak and flower poorly.

Humidity and Air Movement-- Just a moderate level of humidity, fifty percent, is sufficient. We often see these plants grown outdoors under much drier conditions than we would have thought optimal. Nice air movement is beneficial as always, and can help to prevent any kind of leaf spotting.

Water and Fertilizer-- Epidendrums love an ample supply of water in the growing season as they are very fast growers and need sufficient hydration to build new tissue. Water every 5-7 days throughout the spring and summer growing season. Considerably less water is required in the fall and winter months. Water every 7-10 days at that point, allowing the plant to almost dry out between waterings. Just remember that epidendrums are quite heavy feeders when they are in active growth, and make sure you provide a strong solution of fertilizer, nearly every watering, during this period. A low nitrogen fertilizer is sufficient throughout the flowering season.

Potting-- Our mix consists of medium fir bark, a little larger fine bark and perlite. Any course media will work fine. For those who grow outdoors in warmer climates, a porous inorganic media works great. Potting should be done in the late spring/early summer, when new roots start to emerge.At this point you can slightly crop back your plants to shape them for an attractive look.  We have never seen plants enjoy new mix more than epidendrums.




    Orchid Board - Most Complete Orchid Forum on the web ! > ORCHID DISCUSSIONS > Advanced Discussion


I've had an Epidendrum 'Mabel Kanda' for a couple years now and it is in a vented clay pot with medium fir bark and the medium. It is in a S/SW window with a sheer curtain. As of yet, It has not bloomed even though the leaves and roots are perfect.Might anyone have any suggestions as to how to prompt it into bloom. Thanks. 


Epicyclia Mabel Kanda is a primary cross between Encyclia cordigera and Epidendum densiflorum(1). As such, they like to be quite warm, and reasonably bright. Assuming your plant isn't a seedling that simply hasn't matured enough to bloom, the most common reasons for orchids not blooming are:

  • Insufficient light (probably not an issue for you)
  • Insufficient food
  • Too much nitrogen

If you can tell us more about your general culture, it will help. 


It is growinng in a S/SW facing window with shear curtains, about 6" away from the window. I water about weeky, depending on how the pot 'feels'. It is fed with a urea free 20-10-20 fert. at 1/2tsp every 2 weeks in the spring and summer. In the fall and winter, I feed it 1/2tsp of the same per gallon water, monthly. The leaves have a slight reddish color to them. temps in summer can get up to 90-95 degrees and in winter can get up to 85 degrees during the day and as low as 65 degrees in summer and 58 degrees in winter. when the humidity drops below 50%, I mist once or twice a day. This is about all the info. I know to provide. I would so appreciate your advise


I have Epidendrum 'Mabel Kanda' that did the same thing. It did not bloom for two years. The reason was simply because it was not mature enough. I was like you wondering if and when it was ever going to bloom and then one season it surprised me with a spike on the newest growth. When the new canes reach a height of sixteen to twenty inches they will bloom. My plant is in spike now. From the information you provided, it appears that your cultural practices are sufficient to flower your plant. So, my guess is going to be that your plant is not yet mature enough to bloom 


Once it gets into a actively-growing mode again, I'd recommend feeding it at 1/2 tsp/gal of that fertilizer three out of four waterings, with the 4th plain water to flush the pot.


(1) I am very sorry for giving you bad information about your plant. Mine is in spike now is not correct. And the reference to canes maturing at eighteen inches is also incorrect. I have two plants that sit side by side on the bench. One is Epc. Rene Marques and the other is Epicyclia Mabel Kanda (Encyclia cordigera x Epi. Floribunda). The Epc. Rene Marques is the one that is currently spiking and the Epicyclia Mabel Kanda does not bloom until late spring to summer and it is very sweet smelling.


    Orchid Board - Most Complete Orchid Forum on the web ! > ORCHID DISCUSSIONS > Semi-Hydroponic Culture


I received an Epi Mabel Kanda in an auction a few months ago.  It is in serious need of repotting as it is busting out of the 4" pot. I have never grown these before and was wondering how it would do in SH? It is a mess of aerial roots hanging down about 9 inches. Any tricks to this orchid?


Courtesy of the taxonomists, that thing is now an epicyclia (Epidendrum densiflorum x Encyclia cordigera). If you pot it up with the correct timing, it should not be an issue.


It's always best to repot when there are new roots emerging. That way they can tailor themselves to the new environment and carry on. By the way...that pertains to ALL repotting, not just into semi-hydroponics.




This is one of my favorite orchids. The spike in bloom has 16 buds and flowers on it and there is even a larger spike forming. It is presently in a 4 inch pot and begging to be repotted which i plan to do after it blooms. I would appreciate any info on how to do this since it has such a large root mass. I am scared to attempt it but I know it must be done. I had planned on repotting it when I bought it last fall but it started to spike before I got to it. Because of the root mass I submerge the roots in water twice a week and mist them several times a week.


When I repotted my Epicyclia Serena O'Neil (Enc. Mabel Kanda x Enc. cordigera) I did quite the hack job on the roots. More were dead than I thought. It did an amazing come back with the growth of a new lead and bloomed the following season just fine. I use a large chunk bark, charcoal, and pearlite mix. Use the basic rule of thumb when repotting. Enough room for 2 years growth. 


My Mabel Kanda is potted in a tree fern pot with small pebbles to keep it up-right. It likes to dry out a bit between waterings, so this suits it just fine!

Goes to show you...orchids will thrive in just about anything, if their needs are met. (water, fertilizer, light)...


An Orchid Obsession OUR ORCHID DATABASE: Epicyclia Mabel Kanda 'Green Leaf'

Orchid Name: Epicyclia Mabel Kanda 'Green Leaf'
Synonym Names: Epidendrum Mabel Kanda 'Green Leaf'
Species or Hybrid Hybrid
My Culture: Full sun, warm/minimum temp 60 degr F, water daily
My Bloom Season(s): May
Parentage, if known: Encyclia cordigera x Epidendrum densiflorum
Size Average








Home > All Orchids > Cattleya Alliance > Cattleya Alliance HybridsEpicyclia Mabel Kanda (E. cordigera x Epi. floribundum) 


Color: Green, White
Bloom Season: Summer
Light: Medium
Temperature: Intermediate
Fragrant Lovely scent.




Small to medium sized tightly clumping plants that flower in the fall and spring on newly matured growths. The flowers are 1.5 inches across and occur on branching upright inflorescences that may hold 40+ flowers once mature. Large plants flower 2 times a year and rapidly form large specimens once provided with the proper care and plentiful fertilizer.


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