Monnierara (Catasetum x Cycnoches x Mormodes)


Monnierara is another artificial genus produced by breeding Catasetum, Cycnoches and Mormodes, a three way cross. This group of orchids is again an interesting breeding combination producing multiple flowers, vigorous growth and the possibility of flowering two to three times a year. Typically, their now trigger-less flowers have a flower life that is longer than for pure Catasetums.
When hybridizing between three genera, the work is more difficult with lower success rate in germination.
Monnierara are heavy feeders during their growing period but a dry rest period of differing lengths according to species is needed after flowering, specifically, once the plants start to drop leaves. Water is gradually reduced, then withheld. If at all, water sparingly only to prevent pseudobulbs from shrinking too much. Once new growth reaches 4 inches and new roots reach 2 or more inches long, watering is begun, with normal abundant watering taking place once the potting mix again approaches dryness. Fertilize well during the active growing season as the plant does not get a chance to be fertilized during its dry rest period. Monnierara like humidity of 50-70% with warm day temperatures of 75-80 F (24-27 C) dropping 10-15 F (6-8 C) at night. Repot just as new growth is beginning at the end of the dry rest.
Breedings that will produce the Genus Monnierara
Catamodes x Catanoches
Catamodes x Cycnoches  
Catamodes x Cycnodes 
Catanoches x Catamodes 
Catanoches x Cycnodes  
Catanoches x Mormodes  
Cycnodes x Catamodes  
Cycnodes x Catanoches
Cycnodes x Catasetum


Monnierara Millennium Magic 'Witchcraft' FCC/AOS


Catanoches Midnight Jem × Mormodes sinuata


One of the blackest orchids to date! Very healthy plants with large pseudobulbs. Grow with plenty of heat, water and fertilizer during the spring and summer months. After or during the flowering season it is common for these plants to drop all of their leaves. Cut back water and fertilizer once the flowers have finished, then resume a normal watering schedule when new growth emerges.


This plant was awarded an FCC/AOS by the American Orchid Society on October 12, 2013 for its superb black flowers and free flowering habit. The plant had 2 spikes with 42 flowers. This is now simply the very best black orchid that exists!