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Dendrobium chrysanthum Featured

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LIGHT
partial shade
WATER
Treat same as the Chinese Dendrobium
HUMIDITY
Treat same as the Chinese Dendrobium
TEMPERATURE
BLOOM SEASON
Slightly fragrant, blooms spring into fall
 

This is a natural hybrid. It has an attractive deep golden yellow dendrobium from South China and adjacent regions. It has long leafy pendulous stems and should be grown mounted, in hanging pots or baskets. Keep cool and somewhat dryer in winter and warm and humid in summer. A useful addition to any dendrobium collection because the flowers appear in autumn.

 

CULTIVATION

The International Orchid Register

Dendrobium chrysanthum

Dendrobium
Epithet
chrysanthum
Synonym Flag
This is not a synonym
 
 

SOURCE: The International Orchid Register

 

The International Orchid Species Encyclopedia

Common Name The Golden Yellow Flowered Dendrobium - in Thailand - Ueang thian - Ueang kham sai - Ueang pu loei - Bai morakot - Uang Sai Morakat - In China Shu Hua Shi Hu

Flower Size 1 1/2 to 2" [3.75 to 5 cm]

This large sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte, lithophyte on limestone cliffs in narrow crevasses and terrestrial species is widespread through the Himalayan foothills of the western Himalayas, Assam India, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam in humid, mossy, mixed and coniferous forests and primary, broadleafed, evergreen, lowland forests at elevations of 350 to 2200 meters with pendulous, many noded, sulcate, to 5' [150 cm] long stems carrying ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, bright shiny green leaves that blooms from April till November on an axillary, very short, opposite of leaves, few to several flowered, racemose inflorescence that arise on the nodes on the upper portion of an immature leafed pseudobulb. The inflorescence arises opposite of the leaves with 1 to 3 fragrant, fleshy flowers and needs a drier winter rest to set the blooms for the following spring.

This species is best placed in a wire basket with well draining media to accommodate their pendant growth habit.

 

Synonyms

  • Callista chrysantha (Wall.) Kuntze 1891
  • Dendrobium chrysanthum var. anophthalama Rchb.f. 1883
  • Dendrobium chrysanthum var. microphthalama Rchb.f. 1879
  • Dendrobium microphthalmum Van Geert 1879
  • Dendrobium paxtonii Lindley not Paxton 1839

References

  • W3 Tropicos
  • Kew Monocot list
  • IPNI
  • Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995
  • The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide
  • The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906
  • Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910
  • Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910 as D chrysanthum var anophtalmum
  • Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910 as D chrysanthum varmicrophtalmum
  • Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915
  • Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Orchids Holttum 1953 drawing fide
  • AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 3 1958 drawing
  • AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 5 1958 drawing
  • AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 9 1958 drawing
  • The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 drawing fide
  • Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965
  • Beautiful Thai Orchid Species Kamemoto & Sagarik 1975 photo fide
  • Indian Orchids: A guide to Identification and Culture Vol II Pradhan 1979 drawing fide
  • Die Orchideen lieferung 11/12 Schlechter/Brieger 1981
  • AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985
  • Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991
  • A Guide to Orchids of the World Hodgson, Paine & Anderson 1991 Photo fide
  • The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Laurent 1992 photo fide
  • Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995
  • Orchid Species Culture
  • Dendrobium Bakers 1996
  • Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997 photo fide
  • Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide
  • Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000; Dendrobium and their Relatives Lavarack, Harris and Stocker 2000 photo fide
  • A Field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001
  • Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001 photo fide
  • Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 photo fide
  • The Dendrobiums H. P. Wood 2006 photo fide
  • Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007
  • AOS Bulletin Vol 78 No 1 2009 photo
  • Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide
  • A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide
  • Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009
  • Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide
  • The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide
  • Wild Orchids of Myanmar Hyan Tun [Mr Myanmar] 2014 Photo fide

SOURCE: The International Orchid Species Encyclopedia

 

 

 

Orchid Wiki

Dendrobium chrysanthum is a species of genus Dendrobium

Description

Plant blooms from spring to fall with one to three 5 cm wide flowers. Flowers are fragrant.

Distribution

Plant is found in the coniferous forest of the Himalayas, Assam India, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam at an elevation of 350 to 2200 meters

Culture

Plant grows in cool to warm temperatures with medium amounts of light. Keep plant moist and fertilize during growth season. During winter withold watering until new shoots appear. Mist the surface of the potting media to prevent pseudobulbs from drying. Grow in a well drain mix of sphagnum moss or medium fir bark.

Naming

Common Names: The Golden Yellow Flowered Dendrobium

Synonyms

  1. Callista chrysantha (Wall.) Kuntze 1891
  2. Dendrobium chrysanthum var. anophthalama Rchb.f. 1883
  3. Dendrobium chrysanthum var. microphthalama Rchb.f. 1879
  4. Dendrobium paxtonii Lindley not Paxton 1839

 

SOURCE: Orchid Wiki

 

 

Dendrobium chrysanthum

 

The Golden Yellow-flowered Dendrobium (Dendrobium chrysanthum) is a species of orchid. It is native to China (Guangxi, Guizhou, Tibet, Yunnan), Indochina (Laos, Thailand, Myanmar, Vietnam) and the Himalayas (Nepal, Bhutan, Assam etc.).[1][2]

 

References

 

SOURCE: Wikipedia 

 

 

DISCUSSION

Dendrobium chrysanthum Wall.ex.Lindl

 

Dendrobium chrysanthum is a beautiful species from the diverse and large group of Dendrobiums. It is popularly known as golden yellow flowered Dendrobium. There are several attractive Dendrobiums which are native to India for example; Dendrobium nobile is a very colourful and attractive species which can be seen in collection of most of the growers. Nathaniel Wallich described the species but the name was validly published by John Lindley. Several synonyms are known for this species such as Callista chrysantha, Dendrobium chrysanthum var.anophthalam and Dendrobium paxtonii.

Distribution: The species is widely distributed from Himalayas, South China to Indo China, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam. In India it is seen in Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland in primary forests where heavy rainfall and high humidity features (as in khasi hills). It occurs at elevations between 800 – 2000 M.

Plant: Dendrobium chrysanthum is a beautiful evergreen, epiphytic orchid with long pendulous canes often reaching 5-6 feet. The leaves are alternate, lanceolate, bright and shining green. This is a large sized Dendrobium preferring cool to warm growing conditions. The pendulous canes are with several nodes. Axillary buds from these nodes will open up from May – June onwards. The flowers are short, opposite to leaves and are 1-3 numbered all along the canes which is a sight to see. The flowers are fragrant and fleshy and are orange yellow coloured with two dark blotches and fimbriation at the lip. Flowers are borne on canes with leaves and the leaves will start falling off only after the flowering period is over.

Culture:  Dendrobium group is a highly diverse genus in Orchidaceae and many of these genera have varied and different cultural requirements. Because of this, several groups have been formed with common cultural requirements. Dendrobium chrysanthum along with D.fredricksianum, D.nobile and D. wardinaum is put under Group I.

The species requires warmth and prefers a temperature range between 17 – 30° C. They also require high humidity. During the growing season they need bright light, otherwise they grow in partial shade in its natural habitat. As the flowers are produced on the leafy canes which precede a rest period, adequate moisture, light and nutrients have to be provided for the plant which ensures longer canes and better flowering. Hence it is important to provide good long growing season to ensure long canes.

Plants do very well in hanging baskets and when mounted. In baskets and pots a freely draining media has to be provided. Because of the long pendulous canes, they do well when hung or mounted. When grown in pots provide adequate space for the next two years of growth as they dislike frequent disturbances.

Some hybrids have been produced with the species and one of them is ‘Tropgarden Beauty’ which is a cross between DendrobiumNg Eng Cheow and Dendrobium chrysanthum

The species is very attractive in bloom and this is also the very reason that the population is declining in the wild because of over collection. The so called ‘orchid collectors’ and ‘Orchid hunters’ are also contributing to its decline in wild. One has to take note,  as even if the habitat is ideal and intact, if the population of a particular species is not viable enough, then also the species will be pushed to the brink of endangered. Hence indiscriminate collection is also one of the main reasons for several orchid species declining.

Article contributed by : Dr. K. S. Shashidhar

SOURCE: Toskar.org

 

InetGardens.com

Dendrobium chrysanthum

 
Family Orchidaceae
 
Name Dendrobium chrysanthum
 
Abbreviation Den.

Etymology
 

 

Dendrobium
From Greek dendron meaning tree, and Greek bios meaning life, referring to the habbit of Dendrobium species growing on trees or being epiphytic.

 

 

 

 

 

 

chrysanthum
From Latin chryseus meaning golden, and Greek anthos meaning flower.
 

 

This Dendrobium comes from the high foothills of the Himalays to southern China, to south east Asia. It grows as a lithophyte on limestone outcrops in humid forests. It grows cool and is very easy to grow - it will even grow outdoors in Auckland. The canes can grow quite long, erect for the first half of their length, arching over in the next half. The soft pale green leaves are produced on two ranks on alternate sides of the canes.

 

Flower buds appear on the top half of the canes in late summer. 3-4 flowers are produced on each node. Prior to flowering, the canes lose all their leaves so that by the time the flowers are open the plant is completely bare. The short-lived flowers are golden yellow, with two dark maroon spots in the labellum.

 

New growth begins not long after the flowers, and this deciduous Dendrobium only needs a short rest period from when it loses it leaves to the time when new growths start.

 

 

SOURCE: Inet Gardens

 

 

From the backyardgardner.com

 

Dendrobium chrysanthum
( Dendrobium Orchid )

 

An evergreen, epiphytic orchid with 4 to 8 inch long, lance-shaped leaves. Pendent racemes produce small, deep yellow flowers, with fringed lips, in summer or autumn. Grow epiphytically on a bark slab, or in slatted baskets with epiphytic orchid potting mix. A temperate-growing orchid, requiring humidity and partial shade from late spring through summer, full light the remainder of the year. Keep dry in winter. Flowers best in small containers.
 
Important Info : Does not like to be disturbed!!

 

How to Grow this Plant:

Characteristics

 

N / A
Family:
Orchidaceae
Size:
Height: 3 ft. to 6 ft.
Width: 1 ft. to 1.5 ft.
Plant Category:
orchids
Plant Characteristics:
high maintenance
Foliage Characteristics:
evergreen
Foliage Color:
green
Flower Characteristics:
showy
Flower Color:
Yellows
Tolerances:
 

 

Requirements

 

Bloomtime Range:
Late Summer to Mid Fall
USDA Hardiness Zone:
11 to 11
AHS Heat Zone:
Not defined for this plant
Light Range:
Part Shade to Full Sun
pH Range:
5.5 to 6.5
Soil Range:
Bark to Bark
Water Range:
Dry to Moist
 

SOURCE: Backyard Gardener

 

 

 

VENDORS

 

 

 

Et Cetera

Dendrobium Medicine Orchids of Xishuangbanna (Yunnan, China), Myanmar (Burma), and Thailand 

 

Dendrobium chrysanthum

This is one of the few Dendrobium species, which does not flower in spring but during autumn.

 

A lush flowering on the stem of Dendrobium chrysanthum.

Dried stems of Dendrobium chrysanthum.

Dendrobium chrysanthum dried and shredded stems for easy infusion. 

The dried stems of Dendrobium chrysanthum are commonly used as an immune system enhancer. 

 

SOURCE: Nature Products

 

 

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