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Dendrobium fimbriatum

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LIGHT
partial shade
WATER
Treat same as the Chinese Dendrobium
HUMIDITY
Treat same as the Chinese Dendrobium
TEMPERATURE
BLOOM SEASON
Slightly fragrant, blooms in spring
 

The favorite Chinese orchid of Holger Perner, who loves the waxy candy-pink flowers and appreciates the anti-inflammatory and soothing properties of the stems that can be chewed raw in case of a sore throat, at least if you don’t mind the bitter taste. Apart from being a home remedy this is a lovely orchid that can be grown mounted, in baskets or in well-drained pots. Flowers in spring.

 

CULTIVATION

The International Orchid Register

Dendrobium fimbriatum

Dendrobium
Epithet
fimbriatum
Synonym Flag
This is not a synonym
Synonym Genus Name
Flickingeria
 
 

SOURCE: The International Orchid Register

 

The International Orchid Species Encyclopedia

Dendrobium fimbriatum Hooker 1823

 

Common Name The Fringe-Lipped Dendrobium - In Thailand - Waew mayura - Ueang kham noi - Ueang kham foi - Ueang kham ta dam - In China Liu SU Shi Hu

Flower Size 3" [to 7.5 cm]

This species is from Hainan and southeastern China, western Himalayas, Bangladesh, eastern Himalayas, Assam India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Laos and Vietnam in humid, mossy mixed and coniferous forests at elevations of 800-2400 meters and is a large-sized, warm to cold growing epiphyte, lithophyte or terrestrial with long, erect, arching or pendulous, light-yellow green when aged, to 4' [120 cm] long stems that are thickest in the middle and have many oblong to lanceolate, acute or acuminate, deciduous leaves that flowers in March through May but can bloom at most any time on a pendant, axillary, many [6 to 15] flowered raceme that arises from the nodes near the apex of leafless and mature canes and has sour smelling flowers.

Watering should be heaviest in the summer but they need some water even during their winter rest. They have a pendant growth habit so they are best mounted on a slab of tree fern or cork.

 

Synonyms

  • Callista fimbriata (Hook.) Kuntze 1891
  • Callista normalis (Falc.) Kuntze 1891
  • Dendrobium normale Falc. 1839
  • Dendrobium paxtonii Paxt. 1839

 

References

  • W3 Tropicos
  • Kew Monocot list
  • IPNI
  • Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995
  • The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing hmm
  • The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as D normale drawing hmm
  • The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906
  • Orchidaceae Monandre-Dendrobiinae Fr. Kraenzlin 1910
  • Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Orchids Holttum 1953
  • The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 photo fide
  • The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as D fimbriatum var gibsonii
  • The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as D fimbriatum var oculatum
  • Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965
  • Beautiful Thai Orchid Species Kamemoto & Sagarik 1975 photo fide
  • The Genera of Orchidaceae in Hong Kong Shiu-ying Hu 1977
  • AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 9 1984 photo
  • AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985
  • Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991 as D normale
  • A Guide to Orchids of the World Hodgson, Paine & Anderson 1991 Photo good
  • The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Laurent 1992 photo fide
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992 photo fide
  • Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995 drawing fide
  • Orchid Species Culture; Dendrobium Bakers 1996
  • Orchid Species Culture; Dendrobium Bakers 1996 as D normale
  • Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997 photo fide
  • Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide
  • Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000
  • Dendrobium and its Relatives Lavarack, Harris and Stocker 2000 photo fide to var occulatum
  • Orchid Flora of Kamrup District Assam Iswar Chandra Barua 2001 drawing fide
  • Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001 photo fide
  • Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 photo fide
  • Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005
  • 100 Sikkim Himalayan Orchids Pradhan 2005 photo fide
  • The Dendrobiums H. P. Wood 2006 photo fide
  • Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok/photo fide
  • Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 as D normale Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide
  • A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide
  • Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009
  • Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok
  • The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos ok
  • Wild Orchids of Myanmar Hyan Tun [Mr Myanmar] 2014 Photo fide
  • Wild Orchids of Myanmar Hyan Tun [Mr Myanmar] 2014 as D fimbriatum var albumPhoto fide

Dendrobium fimbriatum Hooker var oculatum 1830

 

LIGHT
partial shade
WATER
Treat same as the Chinese Dendrobium
HUMIDITY
Treat same as the Chinese Dendrobium
TEMPERATURE
BLOOM SEASON
Slightly fragrant, blooms in spring
 

 

Common Name The Fringed-Lipped Orchid With An Oval Eye

Flower Size 3 1/2" [8.75 cm]

More common than the type in cultivation, it is more robust in stature as well as having larger sour-smelling flowers which have two blackish brown splotches on the disc of the lip which appear in the spring on the older leafless pseudobulbs with 8 to 15 flowers on a pendulous, 8" [20 cm] long inflorescence.

Synonyms

  • Callista oculata (Hook.) Kuntze 1891
  • Dendrobium occultum Ames 1933

Rferences

  • W3 Tropicos
  • Kew Monocot list
  • IPNI
  • Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915
  • The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959
  • AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 5 1960 photo
  • Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965
  • Beautiful Thai Orchid Species Kamemoto & Sagarik 1975 photo fide
  • Indian Orchids : A guide to Identification and Culture Vol II Pradhan 1979
  • Die Orchideen lieferung 11/12 Schlechter/Brieger 1981 as D fimbriatum photo fide
  • AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 9 1984 photo
  • A Guide to Orchids of the World Hodgson, Paine & Anderson 1991 Photo fide
  • Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombay 1992 photo fide
  • The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Laurent 1992 photo fide
  • AOS Bulletin Vol 63 No 2 1994 drawing
  • Dendrobium and its Relatives Lavarack, Harris and Stocker 2000 photo fide
  • A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide
  • Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001 photo fide
  • Botanica's Orchids 2002 photo fide
  • AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 2 2005 photo
  • A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide
  • 100 Sikkim Himalayan Orchids Pradham 2005 photo fide
  • Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005 photo fide
  • The Dendrobiums H. P. Wood 2006 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing fide
  • Wild Orchids of Myanmar Hyan Tun [Mr Myanmar] 2014 Photo fide
SOURCE: The International Orchid Species Encyclopedia

 

 

Dendrobium fimbriatum
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

The Fringed-lipped Dendrobium (Dendrobium fimbriatum) is a species of orchid. It is native to China (Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan), the Himalayas (northern and eastern India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh) and Indochina (Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia).[2][3][4][5][6][7][8] 

 

References

  1. Walter Hood Fitch (1817-1892) del., Swan sc. - "Curtis's Botanical Magazine" 71 (Ser. 3 no. 1) pl. 4160 (http://botanicus.org/page/434369)
  2. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. Flora of China v 25 p 386, 流苏石斛 liu su shi hu, Dendrobium fimbriatum Hooker, Exot. Fl. 1: ad t. 71. 1823.
  4. Raskoti, B.B. (2009). The Orchids of Nepal: 1-252. Bhakta Bahadur Raskoti and Rita Al
  5. Misra, S. (2004). Orchids of Orissa: 1-774. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  6. Sittisujjatham, S. (2006). Wild Orchid of Thailand 1: 1-495. Amarin.
  7. Lucksom, S.Z. (2007). The orchids of Sikkim and North East Himalaya: 1-984. S.Z.Lucksom, India.
  8. Hossain, A.B.M. (2002). A Taxonomic report on the genus Dendrobium Sw.. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 9(2): 47-55.

SOURCE: Wikipedia

  

 

DISCUSSIONS

The following article was written for the Orchid Species Bulletin published by the Orchid Species Society, which is based in Brisbane, Queensland in November 2001. 

 

Dendrobium fimbriatum Hook. was collected in Nepal in 1820 by Nathaniel Wallich who sent plants to the Liverpool Botanic Garden where it first flowered in 1822. William Hooker described it in his Exotic Flora in 1823. The specific epithet comes from the Latin fimbriatus (fimbriate) for the plumose-fimbriate margin to the lip, which is a distinctive characteristic of this species. Howard Wood (1999) places this species in section Holochrysa Lindl., which is related to section Callista Lindl. Species of both of these sections have usually yellow flowers that last for 5-10 days. Den. fimbriatum is distributed through Nepal, Sikkim, Burma (Myanmar), Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, southern China, and Malaya, where it is mostly found between 500-1,500m altitude but can be located up as high as 2,400 m elevation.

Den. fimbriatum has erect, arching or pendulous cane-like stems that are 60-120 cm or more (180-200 cm) long. They become light yellow-green and furrowed with age and bear many two ranked leaves along the upper half. Its oblong acute, dark green leaves that are 8-15 cm long and 2-3 cm broad are deciduous after 2-3 seasons. Pendulous inflorescences up to 18 cm long are borne from the upper nodes of the matured, leafless stems. Each stem can produce racemes for several seasons. Bearing 6-15 showy flowers that open together on each raceme, the resulting display on a large plant is certainly spectacular.

Its flowers are 4-7.5 cm across and have pale yellow-green to deep orange-yellow sepals and petals and a darker orange-yellow lip. They have a sparkling, crystalline texture. The lip colour varies, with most forms having a dark maroon patch on the centre of the lip. This more common form with the dark eye was described 15 year later by Joseph Hooker as Den. fimbriatum var. oculatum Hook.f., which I prefer to call fma. oculatum Hook.f. The typical fma. fimbriatum usually has smaller flowers than fma. oculatum. Short-lived, the sourly scented blooms last for about 7-10 days.

http://www.yonggee.name/Notes/Den_fimbriatum.htm

 

 

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