Hello and greetings to all new and current members. This month's meeting will feature Carol Klonowski. Looking forward to seeing all of you on Friday, September 11 at 6:45 PM.
A special greetings to Renae N. for becoming the latest member of the Napa Valley Orchid Society.
THANK YOU DEPARTMENT
Sergio Garcia of Olompali Orchids, for preparing a brand new presentation featuring Cattleya Intermediates. Those in attendance had the opportunity to be the first audience for this presentation and I am sure many will agree, we all learned something new. Thank you to Sergio.
Richard and Dianne Lindberg for their kind donation of plants and supplies, of which many took advantage of. All proceeds from members purchasing items from Mr. Lundberg's donation will go into the general operating fund for the society allowing his gift to last all year long, if not more. Mr. Lindberg established the backbulb.com web site, a blog about growing many orchids from backbulbs, and that blog can be found here.
Congratulations to the Svetlana and Victoria for winning the August Member's Orchid donated by Sergio and Olompali Orchids.
OCTOBER GUEST SPEAKER:
Dr. Holger Perner, accomplished Slipper orchid expert and owner of Hengduan Mountains Biotechnology (an orchid nursery in Chengdu, China) will be in the Bay area. He will bbe speaking at a number of Orchid Societies on a number of subjects including the Cypripediums of China, the Paphiopedilum orchids of China, orchid hunting in Sichuan and Yunan, Pleione and numerous other topics.
The San Francisco Orchid Society is hosting him and he will be speaking at the SFOS on Tuesday October 7th.
The NVOS will meet on October 9th.
The Oncidium featured at the top of this month's newsletter is the purple-pansie-orchid
THE GENERAL MEETING - Friday, September 11th at 6:45PM
Starting at approximately 6:30PM, The NVOS Plant Doctor will be available to consult owners of unhappy plants and offer suggestions to make it a happy plant.
A selection of orchid potting supplies will be available at this meeting. A portion of the sales is donated to the general fund of the Napa Valley Ordhid Society. Bark, bark mixes, fertilizers and pots of all sizes will be available. If you are looking for something in particular, or need to buy bulk, please let the web site know by sending information or questions to:
There are still supplies available for purchase from the Lindberg donation.
SKILL SESSION "Food and Water, Part 1 of 2 (maybe even 3)" 6:40 PM
Andy will host a brief general discussion on Fertilizing and watering of orchids. The number one cause of death for orchids is accidental and unintentional over-watering. Another topic of debate is "to feed, or not to feed" orchids with any fertilizer at all. Ask ten expert growers this topic and you will get 9 different answers. Andy will focus on methods, and explaining those confusing numbers on labels. Should have questions about watering or feeding your orchids, send them to
This is a bio and information on a presentation Carol did for SFOS this past January. Not clue what her topic of choice will be for her presentation at NVOS.
South African Orchids and the 2014 World Orchid Conference
Carol Klonowski has been growing orchids since the 1980's when a friend in Berkeley, California, gave her a cattleya and it bloomed out with three big, dark lavender flowers and an intoxicating fragrance. She built an entire greenhouse in her backyard to accommodate the precious plant, which only led her to buy more orchids. Then another friend gave her a gift membership to the Orchid Society of California and it's been a serious passion ever since.
She can recall going to monthly meetings at OSC and DVOS where orchid legends such as the late Frank Fordyce and Dick Emory would be available to answer the many questions an eager hobbyist could ask.
Carol has served as Director, Vice President, and President of the Orchid Society of California for most of the past two decades and is currently an Accredited Judge with the American Orchid Society, California Sierra Nevada Judging Center.
This talk covers the recent 21st World Orchid Conference in Johannesburg, South Africa, and gives an overview of this most unique country's orchids. From the well known Disas to rarer but no less interesting Bartholinas, and from fynbo, mountainside and savannah habitats, we will explore why South Africa was chosen as the host nation for this prestigious event. In addition, Carol will offer a preview of the next WOC in Guayaquil, Ecuador, and offer reasons why everyone should plan to attend.
The Society encourages members to participate once a year in joining a few others in providing those delicious snacks and treats. It is also expected that you help and assist our snack coordinator Carolyn N. in setting up, maintaining during, and cleaning after the meeting.
|January||N - O - P||July||picnic|
|February||Q - R - S
||August||Di - E|
|March||T - U - V - W||September||F - G|
|April||X - Y - Z - A||October||H - I - J|
|May||B||November||K - L - M
|June||C - De||December||buffet|
Anyone is more then welcome to provide extra snacks during any meeting. The reward will be an extra opportunity at the plant table.
MEMBERS SALE TABLE
Members of the society are more than welcome to bring orchids to the meeting for sale to those in attendance. For more information on this, just send word to the web site at for all the details. Keep in mind, there is paperwork that must be completed prior to selling your orchids and orchid related items.
SHOW AND TELL TABLE
During a majority of the monthly meetings of the NVOS, members are encouraged to bring blooming orchids to show off their hard work. Points are given to the top three orchids and these awarded points determine the annual winner of the Mel Dittmer Trophy awarded to the highest point winner at the December holiday social.
Results from August:
Lc. Lake Tahoe v. Coerulea 'High Sky'
(Lc. Floral Azul x. L. Sincorana)
|2nd Place||Neofinetia Higumanishiki||Cheryl P.|
V. Crownfox 'Celestial Delight'
(V. Fuchs Blue x. V. Doctor Anek)
Richard and Dianne Lindberg will provide the Opportunity Table. The NVOS graciously thanks them for their kind and generous donation.
Keep in mind, if you received an orchid from any previous opportunity table, or any other source, and have questions on how to keep it happy and rebloom, you are more than welcome to bring it to the next meeting and ask other experienced growers for help. This is a benefit of being a member of the NVOS.
2016 Annual NVOS Spring Show and Sale:
The Napa Valley Orchid Society is pleased to announce the dates for our annual Spring Show and Sale. Please set aside on your calendar March 19 and 20, 2016.
Friday, March 18, 7:00 PM
- Ribbon Judging, open to the public.
- Vendors have the option to set up.
Saturday and Sunday, Match 19 and 20, 2016
Show is open to the public from 10:00 AM to 4:00 PM both days, free admission, free parking.
Once again we will host this event at the Napa Senior Center located at 1500 Jefferson Street in Napa.
More details will be distributed as they become available.
September 5th & 6th , 2015
9:00 am to 3 pm
D & D Flowers Fall Open-house
At the new location on
169 1st Avenue
Daly City, CA 94014
(D&D Flowers is not open to the public except during the spring and fall scheduled open houses)
Directions 280 South from San Francisco: Take the Eastmoore exit and veer to the right onto Sullivan Avenue. At the stop light, make a right onto Washington Street (service station on the right and Krispy Kream Donut at opposite corner). Go over the freeway, through Junipero Serra Blvd to San Pedro (Catholic Church at intersection). Make a left onto San Pedro and continue through Mission Street between Bank of America and Wendy’s. At the stop sign, make a left onto 1st Avenue. Greenhouse is on the right hand side of the 3rd house with the red garage and a sign reading Demattei Nursery. Enter the gate of the chain link fence with red lattice on the left hand side of the red garage.
Directions 280 north of Hicky Blvd.: Take the Pacifica/Eastmoore Avenue exit and veer to the right to the Eastmoore Avenue exit. At the stop light, you would like to be on the 2nd lane to the left. Turn left onto Junipero Serra Blvd and at the stop light; make a right turn onto San Pedro Road. Then continue through Mission Street between Bank of America and Wendy’s. At the stop sign, make a left onto 1st Avenue. Greenhouse is on the right hand side of the 3rd house with the red garage and a sign reading Demattei Nursery. Enter the gate of the chain link fence with red lattice on the left hand side of the red garage.
Please drive safely. Limited street parking so please car pool.
Do not park within the chain link fence.
SEPTEMBER: (Other local Society's agendas)
Tuesday, September 1
Guest Speaker Guillermo Salazar - Orchids of El Salvador
Wednesday, September 2
Guest Speaker Guillermo Salazar - Orchids of El Salvador
Thursday, September 17
Guest Speaker: Alan Koch from Gold COuntry Orchids
Friday, September 18
With the conclusion of their summer break, the GCCG returns with Ken Jacobson as guest speaker
Saturday, September 19
Sonoma County Orchid Society Annual BBQ and Auction
1451 Keiser Avenue, Santa Rosa
- Silent Auction Begins at 11:00 and ends when lunch is ready (between 12:00 and 12:30).
- Live Auction begins immediately following lunch.
- Silent auction plants (named orchids, named non-orchids and orchid and garden related items) must arrive by 10:00 a.m. or earlier in order to complete all paperwork by 11:00.
- Maximum of 15 silent auction items per person. For every 5 plants, 1 must be a donation.
- Find paperwork on our website at www.sonomaorchids.com
ONLY $6.00 per person - bring a potluck side dish (green salad, pasta salad, other salad, vegetable) or dessert to share. Sign up @ www.volunteerspot.com.
Tuesday, September 22
Wednesday, September 23rd
THE POTTING BENCH
Caladenia ambusta the Boranup Spider Orchid
The 17 orchids were found from north of Geraldton to east of Esperance, and were officially named and documented in a recent journal published by the WA Herbarium.
THE Boranup Spider Orchid is a rare and new species of spider orchid that was recently discovered in the South West.
The spider orchid was given the botanical name Caladenia ambusta and flowers from late October to November.
Department of Parks and Wildlife herbarium curator Kevin Thiele said the orchids were recently named in a journal published by the WA Herbarium
“This is a significant achievement it’s not every day 17 new types of spider orchids are named,” he said.
“There are now 158 identified spider orchids in WA the vast majority of them found only in the South West.”
WA has one of the highest rates of new plant species discoveries in the world with an average of more than 50 a year.
Parks and Wildlife staff member Andrew Brown and WA Herbarium research associate Garry Brockman identified and named the new species.
Several new species of spider orchids have been discovered in Western Australia's south west region.
There are now 158 identified spider orchids in WA.
Majestic ghost orchids make summer appearance
They haunt the memories of botanists and lure the eyes of poachers.
Ghost orchids are one of the most spectacular species in Florida, and the majestic plants are in the final stages of this summer's apparition. These keystone slough plants are rare (fewer than 400 have been documented over the past two decades in Fakahatchee Strand) and are only found in the sub-tropical sloughs South Florida and Cuba.
Florida is home to about 120 orchid species, but Dendrophylax lindenii (the Latin term for ghost orchid) steals the air plant show every summer.
"They're right in between that rarity and commonality, and human minds love that," said Mike Owen, biologist and orchid expert at Fakahatchee Strand Preserve State Park. "We love rarity, but we want it to be possible."
Fakahatchee Strand is an 85,000-acre preserves in Collier County that is considered by experts to be the orchid capital of North America. Owen and others protect the orchids from poachers, who decimated orchid populations decades ago and often hauled away delicate plants by the truck load.
Ghost orchids are fragile, and Owen said poached plants will live for only a week or so. The last documented ghost orchid poaching happened in 2013.
These leafless plants only bloom for about a week each year, but their flower captures the imagination of budding botanists and orchid experts from around the world.
Flowers are cloud-white and seem to float in the air, away from the trunk of the host tree. Long leaves twirl and twist, and the bottom two leaves look like a set of anthropomorphic legs.
"Not only have they forsaken growing in soil, they climb up trees to live, and they're leafless as well," said Dennis Giardina, a plant biologist with the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. "And their roots are photosynthetic."
It's impossible for biologists to estimate how many ghosts orchids are in Fakahatchee because they grow in relatively isolated populations.
Ghost orchids are pollinated by the giant sphinx month, which has a 6-inch tongue, and require a symbiotic relationship with a fungus that also grows in the sloughs. Without that fungus, seeds would not be able to establish themselves on trees.
The orchids also produce a sweet aroma, which draws pollinators. Researchers with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service recently identified eight volatile compounds in the ghost orchid's fragrance, some of which can't be detected by the human nose.
While there may be 30 ghosts in an area the size of a tennis court, other areas of the preserve are void. Counting the number of orchids on one acre of land gives no indication of how many orchids are on any other particular acre.
Owen is the first researcher to document the plant's early life cycles in the wild. He's watched a few plants grow from a tiny, yarn-like sliver to blooming adults.
"The root was a half-inch to 1-inch long, and those were approximately a year to a year-and-a-half old," Owen said of the plants. "Finally in 2008, one of them bloomed for the first time in its life at 16 years old. The other bloomed the next year, but that's all we know."
Scientists do not know how long ghost orchids live in the wild. They also don't know why some flourish 3 feet off the ground on a pond apple tree while others prefer 20 feet heights on pop ash trees.
Individual plants, though, seem to be punctual in years when they bloom. Plants may not flower for years at a time, either conserving energy for a future bloom or because of health issues.
"Sometimes it can be July, but certain plant individuals will bloom earlier and some individuals might not bloom until August," Owen said. "But they're pretty consistent."
Owen and Giardina are also working with Cuban botanists in hopes of repatriating a handful of orchids that no longer grow in the historic Everglades. The idea is to get seeds from Cuba, plant those seeds in a lab and then strap the adult plants to trees, where they will hopefully become a seed source for future generations.
Giardina is going back to Cuba in November.
"They are committed to working with us, so it's just a matter of finding plants that have seed capsules," Giardina said. "We've gotten seed capsules from three of the four but only two of them have grown in the lab."
Between now and then, Owen and other will continue their quest to document ghost orchids in South Florida. For anyone wanting to see a ghost in the wild, Owen said patience and persistence is the key.
"You will find one if you spend enough time out here, but you probably won't find one in the first hundred trees," Owen said.
•Appearance: Small, greenish roots that cling to pop ash, pond apple and cypress trees. Typically found at a height of 3 to 20 feet. Magnificent bloom in summer that lasts for about a week. The flower protrudes from the host tree trunk, making the plant appear as though its floating in the air.
•Range: Found only in sloughs of South Florida and Cuba.
•Life cycle: Unknown. It appears ghosts can bloom once they reach the age of about 16, but that theory has not been yet confirmed.
•Status: Listed as endangered by Florida but not the federal government.
Sources: Florida Department of Environmental Resources, National Park Service.
Orchid spotters map shifting blooms
26 July 2015
(Photo, Left: "The Fly Orchid", Ophrys insectifera)
A citizen science project to study when and where orchids bloom around the UK has already revealed 200 new flowering locations for particular species.
Members of the public are submitting and identifying orchid photos, and also annotating historical specimens.
Called Orchid Observers, the initiative aims to measure the effect of warming, and other environmental changes, on the distribution of 29 different orchids.
Reports have already been received from more than 1,500 locations.
"We're really, really happy about the number of people who've got involved," said Kath Castillo, a researcher at the Natural History Museum in London.
She said the 200 new locations were a pleasant surprise.
"People have actually photographed, and uploaded their field record, for locations where the BSBI [Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland] had previously not had a record. That's potentially quite interesting."
Orchid Observers is a collaboration between the museum and Zooniverse, the citizen science platform established at the University of Oxford.
The data it yields will not only be used by researchers at the museum, but will feed into the biological records data held by the BSBI.
"The results are identifying new locations for some of our commoner species, as well as providing information on flowering times," said BSBI president Ian Denholm.
The team is also pleased that several rare species, such as the green-winged orchid and the white helleborine, have been spotted flourishing in some of those 200 locations that were not yet in the records.
Studying the timing of seasonal events like flowers blooming or frogs spawning - a field called phenology - offers insights into how the living world is affected by environmental change. It also helps scientists try to predict the results of continued change.
The project will eventually compare the data from this year's field work with the historical orchid records from the Natural History Museum's herbarium. Verifying and annotating those records is another task volunteers can help with on the Orchid Observers website.
A preliminary look at the data has already suggested that two orchids which bloom early in the season, early-purple and green-wing, flowered on average at least 10 days earlier this year than in the museum's records.
"This is all new data and we don't know how significant it is yet," Ms Castillo said. "We have to do a lot more analysis.
"But it's kind of an interesting thing, and it shows that it works. You can get people to go out and collect records, and they don't have to be experts. They can submit their data and the results are interesting."
Those preliminary results are not unprecedented, either: the early spider orchid is already known to flower several days earlier each year than it did at the turn of the 20th Century.
"Understanding how changes in the environment are affecting orchids may help us plan and protect key populations and areas," said Dr Mark Spencer, a senior curator at the Natural History Museum and the project's lead scientist.
If flowering times change, Dr Spencer explained, this can affect other species.
"A major concern is that certain species that are dependent on others may not be responding in the same manner or at the same pace."
The season for the project's fieldwork is past its halfway point, but there is much more data still to collect. Some of the 29 orchid species on the list are yet to flower at all.
Cephalanthera damasonium ,
The NVOS Executive Board meets on the 4th Tuesday of the month, and are open to current members of the society. For more information on attending these meetings, please drop a line to the web site at . or contact any member of the Board.
|President||Karen O.||Vice President||Kathleen O.|
|Treasurer||Paul J.||Secretary||Patty T.|
|Board Members:||Larraine E.||Karen W.||Lynn A.|
|Carolyn N.||Vinton B.|
|Plant Doctor:||Vinton B.||Show Chairperson:||Peri P.|
|Greeter:||Alysha D.||Librarian:||Cynthia B.|
|Newsletter / Web site:||Andy W.||Refreshments:.||Carolyn N.|
2015 NVOS SHOW - AWARDS
A Gallery of images from the past 2015 SHOW, along with images of awarded Orchids, can be discovered here. This is a work in progress, but you are welcome to view as it is designed.
SELECT, GENERAL FLOWERING CALENDAR
|BASIC FLOWERING PERIOD|
It is important to note that the data in the above table has not been absolutely proven. Keep in mind that orchids themself, determine when they bloom, and this is dependent upon environmental factors. The biggest factor is indoor versus greenhouse growing. To best determine the flowering season, one must research the orchid of interest.