"(In the private collection) The loss of any orchid is a chance for crop rotation"
- attendee at the June NVOS General Meeting
A special thank you to Alan Koch of Gold Country Orchids for his lively and entertaining discussion of growing orchids. Alan has the ability to sell life insurance to the recently departed. His charisma and passion blossomed as he answered many questions regarding the care of orchids.
The next meeting of the Napa Valley Orchid Society will take place on July 10th, from 6-10 pm at the Senior Center in Napa and will feature our annual summer BBQ and a presentation by Dennis Olivas of D & D Flowers.
If you are celebrating a special event this month, do so with this month's official orchid, the Paphiopedilum.
Paphiopedilum, often called the Venus slipper, is a genus of the Lady slipper orchid subfamily Cypripedioideae of the flowering plant family Orchidaceae. The genus comprises some 80 accepted taxa including several natural hybrids. The genus is native to Southeast Asia, the Indian Subcontinent, southern China, New Guinea and the Solomon and Bismarck Islands
The type species of this genus is Paphiopedilum insigne
Paphiopedilum species naturally occur among humus layers as terrestrials on the forest floor, while a few are true epiphytes and some are lithophytes. These sympodial orchids lack pseudobulbs. Instead, they grow robust shoots, each with several leaves; some are hemicryptophytes. The leaves can be short and rounded or long and narrow, and typically have a mottled pattern. When older shoots die, newer ones take over. Each new shoot only blooms once when it is fully grown, producing a raceme between the fleshy, succulent leaves. The roots are thick and fleshy. Potted plants form a tight lump of roots that, when untangled, can be up to 1 m long.
Members of this genus are considered highly collectible by orchid fanciers due to the curious and unusual form of their flowers. Along with Cypripedium, Mexipedium, Phragmipedium and Selenipedium, the genus is a member of the subfamily Cypripedioideae, commonly referred to as the "lady's-slippers" or "slipper orchids" due to the unusual shape of the pouch-like labellum of the flower. The pouch traps insects seeking nectar, and to leave again they have to climb up past the staminode, behind which they collect or deposit pollinia. The orchid, despite several attempts to clone by tissue culture, has never been successfully cloned, for unknown reasons. This means every plant is unique.
The paphiopedilums are among the most widely cultivated and hybridized of orchid genera. Spectacular new species are being discovered every now and then; for example the Golden Slipper Orchid (P. armeniacum), discovered in 1979 and described in 1982, amazed growers of orchids by the extraordinary beauty of its golden flowers. In addition, growers have bred thousands of interspecific hybrids and registered them with the Royal Horticultural Society in London over the years.
These orchids are relatively easy to grow indoors, as long as conditions that mimic their natural habitats are created. Most species thrive in moderate to high humidity (50-70%), moderate temperatures ranging from 13 to 35 degrees Celsius and low light of 12,000 to 20,000 lux. Modern hybrids are typically easier to grow in artificial conditions than their parent species.
Taxonomy and systematics
The genus name Paphiopedilum was established by Ernst Hugo Heinrich Pfitzer in 1886; it is derived from Paphos (a city in Cyprus, a place sacred to Aphrodite. It was said she landed at the site when rose from the sea as her birth.) and Ancient Greek pedilon "slipper". Ironically, no paphiopedilum occurs on Cyprus – at least not as the genus is understood today. But it was long mixed up with its Holarctic relative Cypripedium, which indeed grows in the Mediterranean region. Paphiopedilum was finally decided to be a valid taxon in 1959, but its use has become restricted to eastern Asian species in our time.
The above information and complete list of subdivisions and selected species can be found at Wikipedia
For more information on Paphiopedilum (Links open a new browser tab)
JULY: (Other local Society's agendas)
1 July - Sacramento Orchid SOciety, Our program will be "A Growers Panel" consisting of Jeff Tyler, Dave Sorokowski, Alan Koch and one other person.
7 July - SFOS Winn Winmaw - Orchids of the Shan Plateau in Myanmar
12 July - SCOS Ice Cream Social and Bingo
16 July - DVOS Meeting featuring Jim Rose from Cal-Orchid, INC on Brasilian species.
22 July - Golden Gate Cymbidium Society Auction & Summer Potluck Dinner
Understanding the Cypripedium
Orchid Conservation in Brazil
Board of Directors
Orchid Conservation Alliance
$10 advanced sale tickets will be available at the July BBQ
Feel free to pack a lunch or enjoy two restaurants within easy walking distance.
The Sonoma County Orchid Society is hosting a charter bus for those who prefer not to make the drive to Sacramento. $42.00 includes bus ticket and Advanced Sale Ticket. More information can be at here.
THE GENERAL MEETING - Friday, July 10th at 6:00PM
Starting at approximately 5:30PM, The NVOS Plant Doctor will be available to consult unhappy plant owners and offer suggestions to make it a happy plant.
A selection of orchid potting supplies will be available at this meeting. A portion of the sales is donated to the general fund of the Napa Valley Ordhid Society. Bark, bark mixes, fertilizers and pots of all sizes will be available. If you are looking for something in particular, or need to buy bulk, please let the web site know by sending information or questions to:
Dennis Olivas of D & D Flowers will be presenting 'Cool tolerant Vandas and Other Monopodials'.
BBQ and POT LUCK
Once again it is time for our annual summer BBQ and Orchid taste test. We will be serving boiled cymbidium bulbs, deep-fried Catleya leaves (some with a crispy beer batter coating) and sushi-styled wraps made of various orchid leaves like the Paph. Onc. and Phrags. - all complimented with with a wide selection of flower salads.
Just Kidding!! The closest we will get to ingesting any orchid is a desert with vanilla added to it.
Please arrive by 6:00 pm and bring your potluck items according to the following alphabetical schedule: (for the benefit of new members, this schedule rotates for each potluck meeting).
Last names beginning with:
F-Q: appetizers, hors d’oeuvres, salads
P-Z: casseroles, baked beans, chili, deviled eggs, pickles, olives, chips, etc.
This schedule does not preclude anyone from bringing his/her own specialty item.
The Society will provide the frankfurters, hamburgers, buns, condiments, and beverage (punch, water, coffee, tea). Paper plates, cups, napkins, and plastic flatware will be provided by the Society as well. However, members may bring their own.
In order to ensure that your dish and serving utensil gets returned, please mark these items using masking tape and initials.
MEMBERS SALE TABLE
Members of the society are more than welcome to bring orchids to the meeting for sale to those in attendance. For more information on this, just send word to the web site at for all the details. Keep in mind, there is paperwork that must be completed prior to selling your orchids and orchid related items.
SHOW AND TELL TABLE
During a majority of the monthly meetings of the NVOS, members are encouraged to bring blooming orchids to show off their hard work. Points are given to the top three orchids and these awarded points determine the annual winner of the Mel Dittmer Trophy awarded to the highest point winner at the December holiday social.
Show and Tell Table
Rhy. digbyana 'Solona Beach'
Phrag. Sargeant Eric Young
Dennis Olivas will provide the Opportunity Table and possibly have a separate Plant Sale Table.
Keep in mind, if you received an orchid from any previous opportunity table, or any other source, and have questions on how to keep it happy and rebloom, you are more than welcome to bring it to the next meeting and ask other experienced growers for help. This is a benefit of being a member of the NVOS.
THE POTTING BENCH
With the upcoming Summer Picnic, this month's Potting Bench has a food and drink oriented theme. It goes without saying that Many orchids are indeed edible, and some even have healthy uses as well. The most popular edible orchid is the Vanilla Bean.
The Purple Orchid
Ingredients Servings 1 1 ounce blackberry brandy
1 1/2oz. Vodka
Add ingredients in shaker of ice, shake well
Serve in chilled martini glass
Orchid Lime Salad (Souce: Whitewater Cooks with Friends)
1/2 cup peanut butter, smooth
1 lime, juice and zest of
2 teaspoons sesame oil
4 tablespoons sweet chili sauce
4 tablespoons rice vinegar
4 tablespoons soy sauce or tamari (I used soy sauce)
1 tablespoon maple syrup
4 cloves of garlic, crushed
2 tablespoons fresh ginger, peeled and grated
1/2 bunch cilantro, washed, dried and chopped
1/4 cup vegetable oil
16 oz pad thai rice noodles
2 tablespoons sesame oil
2 carrots, peeled and julienned
1/2 long english cucumber, seeded and julienned
1 red pepper, julienned
2 cups bean sprouts, washed well
1 bunch green onions, sliced diagonally
2 tablespoons butter
3 tablespoons sesame seeds, toasted
1/4 teaspoon chinese five spice
1 teaspoon salt
1 teaspoon sugar
Using a food processor or hand mixer, with the exception of the cilantro and vegetable oil, mix all of the dressing ingredients together. Add the oil in a steady stream until it too is mixed in. Stir in half of the cilantro, and set aside. I put my dressing into a (sealable) shaker and into the fridge while I prepped the rest of the salad.
Place the rice noodles in a large bowl, cover with boiling water. Allow the noodles to soak for 10-15 minutes, or until just tender. I let ours soak for 12 minutes and they could have soaked a minute or two longer.
Drain the noodles into a colander and rinse with cold water. Once drained, put the noodles back into the bowl and toss with sesame oil.
Add in the julienned carrots, cucumber, red pepper. Add in the bean sprouts and green onions. Set aside.
In a skillet, heat the butter. Add in the sesame seed, chinese five spice and salt. Toss until golden, about 3 minutes. Add the sugar and toss for another 30 seconds. Remove from the heat and allow to cool thoroughly.
When it is time to serve, add the dressing to the noodles. and mix gently.
Garnish with remaining cilantro and the toasted sesame seeds.
First off, this recipe makes a HUGE salad. Perfect for a pot luck. I had no idea how big it would be when I started. So when you are adding the dressing, only prepare enough salad for the meal that you are serving. That means making fresh salad each meal...but trust me, ti's worth it. Man oh man...was this salad EVER GOOD. Like one of my most favourite salads ever (do I sounds like a valley girl there?!), and my new go-to salad for potlucks. I could NOT stop eating it. I was thankful that we had so much, because we got to eat it for a few days. Not a leftover that I got tired of. I even have leftover dressing. Which is exciting. Everyone in the family loved this salad. Even the toddler, who was eating the dressing straight. This salad was really, really good.. Would be perfect for the summer, though we thoroughly enjoyed it in freezing cold January!
Edible Orchids - The Many Uses of Orchids
Not only are orchids beautiful to look at, but many orchids have edible uses that you may not know about. In fact, edible orchids have been ingested in a variety of forms for medicinal purposes for a very long time. Ancient Greeks believed that consuming orchid tubers could increase fertility and traditional Chinese medicine has made use of different types of orchids to help with eyesight and even treat cancer.
Orchids are not typically consumed in their natural state but rather the flowers or canes are dried and then steeped in hot water to create a tea. In Asian cuisine, Dendrobium blooms are often used as garnish and occasionally added in a stir-fry. The flowers can also be battered and deep fried like tempura. Certain varieties of Dendrobium can irritate the stomach, so be sure to exercise caution when trying them yourself. Dendrobium blooms are also often used as decorations on cakes and cupcakes.
A very popular product made from orchids is called salep, which is made from the Orchis tubers by drying them out and grinding them down into a powder. This powder is popular for making desserts, bread, and drinks. The most popular use of salep is to make a hot beverage that is often found in Turkey, Greece, England, and Germany and is also found in Asia and India. The powder is mixed with hot milk and then flavored with a little cinnamon, nutmeg, or ginger. Because the drink is so popular, it is now illegal to export the powder in order to help conserve the wild orchid population.
Orchid Ice Cream
Another food product made from salep is called dondurma which is also known as Turkish orchid ice cream. This particular ice cream is not like “typical” ice cream but rather very chewy and does not melt. It is often compared to saltwater taffy. The ice cream is made with milk, sugar, salep, and mastic (provides the chewy texture) and is kneaded either by hand or in a mixer. The ice cream is very commonly seen in Turkey and also in Greece where it’s referred to as Dudurmas or Kaimaki.
It is not recommended that you do not eat any part of an orchid until you do sufficient research and find out if an orchid is edible and how it should be properly prepared for consumption. Most of the houseplant orchids that you can find in stores aren’t the types that are edible.
The NVOS Executive Board meets on the 4th Tuesday of the month, and are open to current members of the society. For more information on attending these meetings, please drop a line to the web site at . or contact any member of the Board.
|President||Karen O.||Vice President||Kathleen O.|
|Treasurer||Paul J.||Secretary||Patty T.|
|Board Members:||Larraine E.||Karen W.||Lynn A.|
|Carolyn N.||Vinton B.|
|Plant Doctor:||Vinton B.||Show Chairperson:||Peri P.|
|Greeter:||Alysha D.||Librarian:||Cynthia B.|
|Newsletter / Web site:||Andy W.||Refreshments:.||Carolyn N.|
2015 NVOS SHOW - AWARDS
A Gallery of images from the past 2015 SHOW, along with images of awarded Orchids, can be discovered here. This is a work in progress, but you are welcome to view as it is designed.
Web Site News:
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SELECT, GENERAL FLOWERING CALENDAR
|BASIC FLOWERING PERIOD|
It is important to note that the data in the above table has not been absolutely proven. Keep in mind that orchids themself, determine when they bloom, and this is dependent upon environmental factors. The biggest factor is indoor versus greenhouse growing. To best determine the flowering season, one must research the orchid of interest.